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Activity跳转到Android 系统界面总结汇总——Intent 各种跳转

发布人:zhoulujun@live.cn    点击:

现在开发中的功能需要直接跳转到拨号、联系人、短信界面等等,查找了很多资料,自己整理了一下。

首先,我们先看拨号界面,代码如下:

Intent intent =new Intent();
intent.setAction("android.intent.action.CALL_BUTTON");
startActivity(intent);
//和
Uri uri = Uri.parse("tel:xxxxxx");
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DIAL, uri);
startActivity(intent);

两者都行   

但是如果是跳转到应用,使用一下代码:

Intent intent= new Intent("android.intent.action.DIAL");   
intent.setClassName("com.android.contacts","com.android.contacts.DialtactsActivity");

到通话记录界面:到通话记录界面:到通话记录界面:

Intent intent=new Intent();  
intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_CALL_BUTTON);  
startActivity(intent);

到联系人界面:copy

Intent intent = new Intent();   
intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);   
intent.setData(Contacts.People.CONTENT_URI);   
startActivity(intent);

同理,到应用:

Intent intent= new Intent("com.android.contacts.action.LIST_STREQUENT");   
intent.setClassName("com.android.contacts","com.android.contacts.DialtactsActivity");

调用联系人界面:

Intent intent = new Intent();   
intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_PICK);   
intent.setData(Contacts.People.CONTENT_URI);   
startActivity(intent);

插入联系人

Intent intent=new Intent(Intent.ACTION_EDIT,Uri.parse("content://com.android.contacts/contacts/"+"1"));  
startActivity(intent);

到联系人列表界面

Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_INSERT_OR_EDIT);
intent.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/person");
intent.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/contact");
intent.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/raw_contact");
intent.putExtra(android.provider.ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.NAME, name);
intent.putExtra(android.provider.ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.COMPANY,company);
intent.putExtra(android.provider.ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.PHONE, tel);
intent.putExtra(android.provider.ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.PHONE_TYPE, 3);


首先,我们先看拨号界面,代码如下:

Intent intent =new Intent();

intent.setAction("android.intent.action.CALL_BUTTON");

startActivity(intent);

//和

Uri uri = Uri.parse("tel:xxxxxx");

Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DIAL, uri);

startActivity(intent);

两者都行

但是如果是跳转到应用,使用一下代码:

Intent intent= new Intent("android.intent.action.DIAL");

intent.setClassName("com.android.contacts","com.android.contacts.DialtactsActivity");

到通话记录界面:到通话记录界面:到通话记录界面:

Intent intent=new Intent();

intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_CALL_BUTTON);

startActivity(intent);

到联系人界面:copy

Intent intent = new Intent();

intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);

intent.setData(Contacts.People.CONTENT_URI);

startActivity(intent);

同理,到应用:

Intent intent= new Intent("com.android.contacts.action.LIST_STREQUENT");

intent.setClassName("com.android.contacts","com.android.contacts.DialtactsActivity");

调用联系人界面:

Intent intent = new Intent();

intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_PICK);

intent.setData(Contacts.People.CONTENT_URI);

startActivity(intent);

插入联系人

Intent intent=new Intent(Intent.ACTION_EDIT,Uri.parse("content://com.android.contacts/contacts/"+"1"));

startActivity(intent);

到联系人列表界面

Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_INSERT_OR_EDIT);

intent.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/person");

intent.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/contact");

intent.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/raw_contact");

intent.putExtra(android.provider.ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.NAME, name);

intent.putExtra(android.provider.ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.COMPANY,company);

intent.putExtra(android.provider.ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.PHONE, tel);

intent.putExtra(android.provider.ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.PHONE_TYPE, 3);

到短信界面:


Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);

intent.setType("vnd.android-dir/mms-sms");

//              intent.setData(Uri.parse("content://mms-sms/conversations/"));//此为号码

startActivity(intent);


到应用:


Intent intent = new Intent("android.intent.action.CONVERSATION");

startActivity(intent);


以下是在网上找到的其他方法:

1.从google搜索内容


Intent intent = new Intent();

intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH);

intent.putExtra(SearchManager.QUERY,"searchString")

startActivity(intent);


2.浏览网页


Uri uri = Uri.parse("http://www.google.com");

Intent it   = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,uri);

startActivity(it);


3.显示地图


Uri uri = Uri.parse("geo:38.899533,-77.036476");

Intent it = new Intent(Intent.Action_VIEW,uri);

startActivity(it);


4.路径规划


Uri uri = Uri.parse("http://maps.google.com/maps?f=dsaddr=startLat%20startLng&daddr=endLat%20endLng&hl=en");

Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,URI);

startActivity(it);


5.拨打电话


Uri uri = Uri.parse("tel:xxxxxx");

Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DIAL, uri);

startActivity(it);


uri = Uri.parse("tel:"+number);

intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_CALL,uri);

startActivity(intent);


其中不同自己试验一下就知道了。


6.调用发短信的程序


Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);

it.putExtra("sms_body", "The SMS text");

it.setType("vnd.android-dir/mms-sms");

startActivity(it);


uri = Uri.parse("smsto:"+要发送短信的对方的number);

intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO,uri);

startActivity(intent);


mIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);

mIntent.putExtra("address", c.getString(c.getColumnIndex(column)));

mIntent.setType("vnd.android-dir/mms-sms");

startActivity(mIntent);


7.发送短信


Uri uri = Uri.parse("smsto:0800000123");

Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri);

it.putExtra("sms_body", "The SMS text");

startActivity(it);

String body="this is sms demo";

Intent mmsintent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, Uri.fromParts("smsto", number, null));

mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_BODY, body);

mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_COMPOSE_MODE, true);

mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_EXIT_ON_SENT, true);

startActivity(mmsintent);<span style="font-family:Simsun;white-space: normal; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);"> </span>


8.发送彩信


Uri uri = Uri.parse("content://media/external/images/media/23");

Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);

it.putExtra("sms_body", "some text");

it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, uri);

it.setType("image/png");

startActivity(it);

StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();

sb.append("file://");

sb.append(fd.getAbsoluteFile());

Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, Uri.fromParts("mmsto", number, null));

// Below extra datas are all optional.

intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_SUBJECT, subject);

intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_BODY, body);

intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_CONTENT_URI, sb.toString());

intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_COMPOSE_MODE, composeMode);

intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_EXIT_ON_SENT, exitOnSent);

startActivity(intent);

9.发送Email


Uri uri = Uri.parse("mailto:xxx@abc.com");

Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri);

startActivity(it);

Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);

it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL, "me@abc.com");

it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "The email body text");

it.setType("text/plain");

startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, "Choose Email Client"));

Intent it=new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);

String[] tos={"me@abc.com"};

String[] ccs={"you@abc.com"};

it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL, tos);

it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_CC, ccs);

it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "The email body text");

it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "The email subject text");

it.setType("message/rfc822");

startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, "Choose Email Client"));


Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);

it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "The email subject text");

it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, "file:///sdcard/mysong.mp3");

sendIntent.setType("audio/mp3");

startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, "Choose Email Client"));


10.播放多媒体


Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);

Uri uri = Uri.parse("file:///sdcard/song.mp3");

it.setDataAndType(uri, "audio/mp3");

startActivity(it);

Uri uri = Uri.withAppendedPath(MediaStore.Audio.Media.INTERNAL_CONTENT_URI, "1");

Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);

startActivity(it);

11.uninstall apk


Uri uri = Uri.fromParts("package", strPackageName, null);

Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DELETE, uri);

startActivity(it);


12.install apk


Uri installUri = Uri.fromParts("package", "xxx", null);

returnIt = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_PACKAGE_ADDED, installUri);


13. 打开照相机


<1>Intent i = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_CAMERA_BUTTON, null);

this.sendBroadcast(i);

<2>long dateTaken = System.currentTimeMillis();

String name = createName(dateTaken) + ".jpg";

fileName = folder + name;

ContentValues values = new ContentValues();

values.put(Images.Media.TITLE, fileName);

values.put("_data", fileName);

values.put(Images.Media.PICASA_ID, fileName);

values.put(Images.Media.DISPLAY_NAME, fileName);

values.put(Images.Media.DESCRIPTION, fileName);

values.put(Images.ImageColumns.BUCKET_DISPLAY_NAME, fileName);

Uri photoUri = getContentResolver().insert(

MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI, values);


Intent inttPhoto = new Intent(MediaStore.ACTION_IMAGE_CAPTURE);

inttPhoto.putExtra(MediaStore.EXTRA_OUTPUT, photoUri);

startActivityForResult(inttPhoto, 10);


14.从gallery选取图片


Intent i = new Intent();

i.setType("image/*");

i.setAction(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);

startActivityForResult(i, 11);


15. 打开录音机


Intent mi = new Intent(Media.RECORD_SOUND_ACTION);

startActivity(mi);

16.显示应用详细列表

Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://details?id=app_id");
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);
startActivity(it);
//where app_id is the application ID, find the ID
//by clicking on your application on Market home

刚才找app id未果,结果发现用package name也可以 Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://details?id=<packagename>");这个简单多了


    17寻找应用

    

    Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://search?q=pname:pkg_name");

    Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);

    startActivity(it);

    18打开联系人列表

//1
Intent i = new Intent();
i.setAction(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);
i.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/phone");
startActivityForResult(i, REQUEST_TEXT);

//2
Uri uri = Uri.parse("content://contacts/people");
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_PICK, uri);
startActivityForResult(it, REQUEST_TEXT);

    19 打开另一程序

    

    Intent i = new Intent();

    ComponentName cn = new ComponentName("com.yellowbook.android2",

    "com.yellowbook.android2.AndroidSearch");

    i.setComponent(cn);

    i.setAction("android.intent.action.MAIN");

    startActivityForResult(i, RESULT_OK);


    20 添加到短信收件箱20 添加到短信收件箱

    

    ContentValues cv = new ContentValues();

    cv.put("type", "1");

    cv.put("address","短信地址");

    cv.put("body", "短信内容");

    getContentResolver().insert(Uri.parse("content://sms/inbox"), cv);


    21 从sim卡或者联系人中查询21 从sim卡或者联系人中查询

    

    Cursor cursor;

    Uri uri;

    if (type == 1) {

    Intent intent = new Intent();

    intent.setData(Uri.parse("content://icc/adn"));

    uri = intent.getData();

    } else

    uri = People.CONTENT_URI;


    cursor = activity.getContentResolver().query(uri, null, null, null, null);

    while (cursor.moveToNext()) {


    int peopleId = cursor.getColumnIndex(People._ID);


    int nameId = cursor.getColumnIndex(People.NAME);


    int phoneId = cursor.getColumnIndex(People.NUMBER);}

    查看某个联系人,当然这里是ACTION_VIEW,如果为选择并返回action改为ACTION_PICK,当然处理intent时返回需要用到startActivityforResult

    Uri personUri = ContentUris.withAppendedId(People.CONTENT_URI, ID);//最后的ID参数为联系人Provider中的数据库BaseID,即哪一行

    Intent intent = new Intent(); intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_VIEW); intent.setData(personUri); startActivity(intent);


    22 删除

    

    uri = ContentUris.withAppendedId(People.CONTENT_URI, 联系人id);

    int count = activity.getContentResolver().delete(uri, null, null);


    23 添加到联系人

    

    ContentValues cv = new ContentValues();

    ArrayList<ContentProviderOperation> operationList = new ArrayList<ContentProviderOperation>();

        ContentProviderOperation.Builder builder = ContentProviderOperation.newInsert(RawContacts.CONTENT_URI);

        builder.withValues(cv);

        operationList.add(builder.build());

        builder = ContentProviderOperation.newInsert(Data.CONTENT_URI);

        builder.withValueBackReference(StructuredName.RAW_CONTACT_ID, 0);

        builder.withValue(Data.MIMETYPE, StructuredName.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE);

        builder.withValue(StructuredName.DISPLAY_NAME, "自定义联系人名");

        operationList.add(builder.build());

        builder = ContentProviderOperation.newInsert(Data.CONTENT_URI);

        builder.withValueBackReference(Phone.RAW_CONTACT_ID, 0);

        builder.withValue(Data.MIMETYPE, Phone.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE);

        builder.withValue(Phone.NUMBER, "联系人的phonenumber");

        builder.withValue(Data.IS_PRIMARY, 1);

        operationList.add(builder.build());

        try {

        getContentResolver().applyBatch(ContactsContract.AUTHORITY, operationList);

        } catch (RemoteException e) {

        e.printStackTrace();

        } catch (OperationApplicationException e) {

        e.printStackTrace();

        }


        23 选择一个图片

        

        Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);

        intent.addCategory(Intent.CATEGORY_OPENABLE);

        intent.setType("image/*");

        startActivityForResult(intent, 0);


        24 调用Android设备的照相机,并设置拍照后存放位置24 调用Android设备的照相机,并设置拍照后存放位置


        

        Intent intent = new Intent(MediaStore.ACTION_IMAGE_CAPTURE);

        intent.putExtra(MediaStore.EXTRA_OUTPUT, Uri.fromFile(new File(Environment .getExternalStorageDirectory().getAbsolutePath()+"/cwj", android123 + ".jpg"))); //存放位置为sdcard卡上cwj文件夹,文件名为android123.jpg格式

        startActivityForResult(intent, 0);

        25 在market上搜索指定package name,比如搜索com.android123.cwj的写法如下


        

        Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://search?q=pname:com.android123.cwj");

        Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri); startActivity(intent);


        26获取文件信息,并使用相对应软件打开26获取文件信息,并使用相对应软件打开

        print?

        private void openFile(File f)

        {

        Intent intent = new Intent();

        intent.addFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);

        intent.setAction(android.content.Intent.ACTION_VIEW);

        String type = getMIMEType(f);

        intent.setDataAndType(Uri.fromFile(f), type);

        startActivity(intent);

        }


        private String getMIMEType(File f){

        String end = f

        .getName()

        .substring(f.getName().lastIndexOf(".") + 1,

        f.getName().length()).toLowerCase();

        String type = "";

        if (end.equals("mp3") || end.equals("aac") || end.equals("aac")

        || end.equals("amr") || end.equals("mpeg")

        || end.equals("mp4"))

        {

        type = "audio";

        } else if (end.equals("jpg") || end.equals("gif")

        || end.equals("png") || end.equals("jpeg"))

        {

        type = "image";

        } else

        {

        type = "*";

        }

        type += "/*";

        return type;

        }


        1.从google搜索内容

        Intent intent = new Intent();

        intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH);

        intent.putExtra(SearchManager.QUERY,"searchString")

        startActivity(intent);




        2.浏览网页

        Uri uri = Uri.parse("http://www.google.com");

        Intent it  = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,uri);

        startActivity(it);



        3.显示地图

        Uri uri = Uri.parse("geo:38.899533,-77.036476");

        Intent it = new Intent(Intent.Action_VIEW,uri);

        startActivity(it);


        4.路径规划

        Uri uri = Uri.parse("http://maps.google.com/maps?f=dsaddr=startLat%20startLng&daddr=endLat%20endLng&hl=en");

        Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,URI);

        startActivity(it);


        5.拨打电话

        Uri uri = Uri.parse("tel:xxxxxx");

        Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DIAL, uri);

        startActivity(it);


        6.调用发短信的程序

        Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);

        it.putExtra("sms_body", "The SMS text");

        it.setType("vnd.android-dir/mms-sms");

        startActivity(it);


        7.发送短信

        Uri uri = Uri.parse("smsto:0800000123");

        Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri);

        it.putExtra("sms_body", "The SMS text");

        startActivity(it);


        String body="this is sms demo";

        Intent mmsintent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, Uri.fromParts("smsto", number, null));

        mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_BODY, body);

        mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_COMPOSE_MODE, true);

        mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_EXIT_ON_SENT, true);

        startActivity(mmsintent);


        8.发送彩信

        Uri uri = Uri.parse("content://media/external/images/media/23");

        Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);

        it.putExtra("sms_body", "some text");

        it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, uri);

        it.setType("image/png");

        startActivity(it);


        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();

        sb.append("file://");

        sb.append(fd.getAbsoluteFile());

        Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, Uri.fromParts("mmsto", number, null));

        // Below extra datas are all optional.

        intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_SUBJECT, subject);

        intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_BODY, body);

        intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_CONTENT_URI, sb.toString());

        intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_COMPOSE_MODE, composeMode);

        intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_EXIT_ON_SENT, exitOnSent);

        startActivity(intent);



        9.发送Email

        Uri uri = Uri.parse("mailto:xxx@abc.com");

        Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri);

        startActivity(it);


        Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);

        it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL, "me@abc.com");

        it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "The email body text");

        it.setType("text/plain");

        startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, "Choose Email Client"));


        Intent it=new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);

        String[] tos={"me@abc.com"};

        String[] ccs={"you@abc.com"};

        it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL, tos);

        it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_CC, ccs);

        it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "The email body text");

        it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "The email subject text");

        it.setType("message/rfc822");

        startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, "Choose Email Client"));


        Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);

        it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "The email subject text");

        it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, "file:///sdcard/mysong.mp3");

        sendIntent.setType("audio/mp3");

        startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, "Choose Email Client"));


        10.播放多媒体

        Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);

        Uri uri = Uri.parse("file:///sdcard/song.mp3");

        it.setDataAndType(uri, "audio/mp3");

        startActivity(it);


        Uri uri = Uri.withAppendedPath(MediaStore.Audio.Media.INTERNAL_CONTENT_URI, "1");

        Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);

        startActivity(it);


        11.uninstall apk

        Uri uri = Uri.fromParts("package", strPackageName, null);

        Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DELETE, uri);

        startActivity(it);


        12.install apk

        Uri installUri = Uri.fromParts("package", "xxx", null);

        returnIt = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_PACKAGE_ADDED, installUri);


转载文章:http://blog.csdn.net/wl455624651/article/details/7943252